The problem facing the scientists became the dating of the Shroud as of the XIV century using the radiocarbon method (we will speak about this dating in more detail a little bit further – Author).
To explain the dating results there was suggested a hypothesis of changing the isotope abundance of carbon of the Shroud cloth as a result of the nuclear reactions caused by the hard radiation of unknown nature.
Earlier the scientific studies of the Shroud were based just on its photographs.
Up until 1988 ‘the direct scientific study of the Shroud of Turin was conducted only twice: In 19, and all the conclusions by the scientists on the physical and chemical properties of the cloth, the image and the traces, which are identified as the traces of blood, were based on the results obtained in 1978…
To remind you, today and already for a long time now, the Shroud was sewn onto another different cloth.
In those places where the blood remained, it somewhat shielded the cloth from changing its chemical structure.In other words the astronomical dating of the Star of Bethlehem as 1140 wonderfully corresponds with the confidence interval of the radiocarbon dating of the Shroud of Turin.The centre of the latter which is year 1200, which is very close to 1160-1190.Secondly, the physical and chemical studies confirmed that the spots on the Shroud were blood.The spectroscopy of these spots is in stark contrast with the spectroscopy in the area of the holy face.In a hundred years in 1694 it was placed in the chantry of the Turin Cathedral in a specially made shrine, see fig. The Shroud of Turin fell under the spotlight following 1898 when a photographer Secundo Pia took the first photographs of it on the instructions of the church authorities , .