When it was officially opened to settlement by the U. government in 1854 with the Kansas–Nebraska Act, abolitionist Free-Staters from New England and pro-slavery settlers from neighboring Missouri rushed to the territory to determine whether Kansas would become a free state or a slave state.Thus, the area was a hotbed of violence and chaos in its early days as these forces collided, and was known as Bleeding Kansas.By 2015, Kansas was one of the most productive agricultural states, producing high yields of wheat, corn, sorghum, and soybeans.) is the 15th-largest state by area and is the 34th most-populous of the 50 states with a population of 2,911,641. Mount Sunflower is Kansas's highest point at 4,041 feet (1,232 m).
Missouri and Arkansas sent settlers into Kansas all along its eastern border.
Kansas is bordered by Nebraska on the north; Missouri on the east; Oklahoma on the south; and Colorado on the west.
The state is divided into 105 counties with 628 cities, and is located equidistant from the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
Tribes in the western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison.
Kansas was first settled by European Americans in 1812, in what is now Bonner Springs, but the pace of settlement accelerated in the 1850s, in the midst of political wars over the slavery issue.
At the same time, the Chisholm Trail was opened and the Wild West-era commenced in Kansas.